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2. Ganoderma Lucidum (Lingzhi)'s active components and pharmacological effects
2016-09-05   Source:    Hit:1871   Font: 

Ganoderma Lucidum (Lingzhi) fruiting body contains sugars (including reducing sugars and polysaccharides), triterpenes, steroids, amino acids, protein, coumarin glycosides, nucleosides, alkaloids, volatile oils, resins, lipids, minerals, etc. The mycelium has similar compositions, except that its triterpene content is lower than the fruiting body. In the spores, unsaturated and saturated fatty acids, polysaccharides, nucleosides, triterpenes, etc. are found.

In the following, the pharmacological effects of the active components are briefly described.

Alcohol extract of the fruiting body and its triterpenes:

In addition to the liver-protecting, antitumor, analgesic, sedative and antioxidative effects listed above for the polysaccharides and /or polysaccharide peptides, the alcohol extract also showed, in vitro, the inhibitive effects on tumor growth, human immunodeficiency virus(HIV), histamine release, angiotensin-converting enzyme activity, cholesterol synthesis, platelet aggregation, etc.

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