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1. Ganoderma Lucidum (Lingzhi)’s active components and pharmacological effects
2016-09-02   Source:    Hit:1916   Font: 

Ganoderma Lucidum (Lingzhi) fruiting body contains sugars (including reducing sugars and polysaccharides), triterpenes, steroids, amino acids, protein, coumarin glycosides, nucleosides, alkaloids, volatile oils, resins, lipids, minerals, etc. The mycelium has similar compositions, except that its triterpene content is lower than the fruiting body. In the spores, unsaturated and saturated fatty acids, polysaccharides, nucleosides, triterpenes, etc. are found.

In the following, the pharmacological effects of the active components are briefly described.

(A)The water extract of fruiting body and its polysaccharides/polysaccharide peptides:

Immune regulation, anti-tumor, protection from radiotherapy and chemotherapy-induced injuries, analgesic, sedating and cardiac anti-ischemic effects, cerebral hypoxia-reoxygenation injury avoidance, blood pressure lowering, blood lipid regulation, blood sugar lowering, DNA polymerase activity enhancement, nucleic acid and protein syntheses, hypoxia tolerance, anti-oxidation, free radical scavenging, anti-aging, chemical and immunological liver injury prevention, anti-gastric ulcer, etc. are among the known functions associated with the watersoluble components in Ganoderma Lucidum (Lingzhi) fruiting body.

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